Pizza Chiena, the unique Italian ancestor of the American dish “pizzagaina” or “pizzagain,” is a basic savory Easter pie that originated in Campania. This dish was historically made with a bread crust crammed with cured meats, cheese, and eggs, making it a hearty and flavorful deal with to rejoice the tip of Lent.
Tips on how to Make Pizza Chiena: The Authentic “Pizzagaina” Italian Easter Pie Recipe
It was a easy and frugal dish however, like so many “poor” recipes from Italy, it’s astoundingly scrumptious. On this article, we’ll briefly discover the historical past of Pizza Chiena, the variations between it and pizzagaina, and share an genuine recipe to be able to make this scrumptious Easter pie at house.
The Historical past of Pizza Chiena
Pizza Chiena, which is a part of a broader class often known as “pizza rustica” or rustic pizza, is a standard Italian dish that originated in Avellino, Campania. The title means “stuffed pizza” in Neapolitan dialect. When Italian immigrants got here to the US, the pronunciation turned blurred till the dish got here to be referred to as “pizzagaina.”
Pizza Chiena was usually eaten on the Saturday after Good Friday (Easter Vigil) to rejoice the tip of Lent. The dish was initially created as a method to make use of up leftover substances after the fasting interval of Lent. Consequently, it was historically crammed with no matter substances had been available throughout the Easter season, together with cured meats, cheese, and loads of eggs.
Pizza Chiena vs. Pizzagaina
Whereas the unique Pizza Chiena and the trendy pizzagaina share many similarities, there are a number of key variations between the 2 dishes.
Firstly, Pizza Chiena historically doesn’t have a flaky pie crust, whereas Pizzagaina does. The crust of Pizza Chiena is made with a easy bread dough that features lard, which makes it firmer and fewer prone to soak up an excessive amount of liquid from the filling. Pizzagaina, however, is often made with a pie crust that’s just like a quiche or a savory tart.
One other distinction between the 2 dishes is the kind of cheese used within the filling. Pizza Chiena usually features a choice of agency cheeses, whereas Pizzagaina typically consists of ricotta as properly.
Filling the Pizza Chiena
What Can I Put Inside a Pizza Chiena?
Pizza Chiena was at all times meant to be a leftover “fridge cleaner,” so you’ll be able to usually embody no matter sorts of cured meats and cheeses you could have available or favor. Basic filling substances embody salame, mortadella, prosciutto crudo, prosciutto cotto (ham), capicollo, cured pancetta, provolone, primo sale, smoked scamorza, Parmigiano Reggiano and pecorino romano.
The one actual “rule” it’s best to persist with is to keep away from watery cheeses as they are going to destroy the pie. It is a time to keep away from recent mozzarella!
Watch the Pasta Grammar video the place we make Pizza Chiena right here:
PIZZA CHIENA RECIPE
Makes: One 9-inch pie
Cook dinner Time: 4-5 hours, largely unattended. Greatest made the day earlier than serving.
For this recipe, you will have:
4 1/8 cup (500g) bread flour (even higher if yow will discover a high-protein flour)
1 3/4 tsp (7g) yeast
5 tbsp (70g) lard
1 1/2 tbsp (20g) olive oil, plus further for greasing the pan
~ 3/4 cup (200ml) water, adjusted as wanted
2 tsp (10g) salt, plus a pinch further for the eggs
~ 9 oz. (250g) blended cured meat, chopped
~ 13 oz. (365g) blended agency cheeses, chopped
8 giant eggs
Recent black pepper
~ 5 oz. (150g) grated Parmigiano Reggiano and/or Pecorino Romano cheese, or to style
Semolina flour for dusting (elective, you’ll be able to substitute bread flour if mandatory)
9-inch springform pan, or comparable (it’s best to have sufficient dough to go slightly bigger)
Paring knife or kitchen shears
Combine the flour and yeast in a big mixing bowl. By hand, combine within the lard and olive oil till each are comparatively evenly distributed into the flour. Add half of the water, and proceed to combine till a tough, damaged dough begins to type, then combine within the salt.
Proceed so as to add slightly little bit of water at a time till a agency dough solidifies. Relying on the circumstances, you might want kind of water than what we’ve listed, so regulate as mandatory. Switch the dough to a clear work floor and knead for 10-Quarter-hour. If it sticks, mud it with extra flour as mandatory.
Kind the dough right into a ball, cowl it with the blending bowl, and let it relaxation for 10-Quarter-hour in order that the gluten can loosen up. Knead the dough just a bit bit extra—it needs to be a lot smoother now. Place the dough ball again into the blending bowl, cowl with plastic wrap and let it rise at room temperature for 2-3 hours, or till it doubles in measurement.
When the dough is nearly prepared, preheat an oven to 370 levels F (190 C).
In a big bowl, combine collectively the chopped meat and chopped cheeses collectively. Individually, whisk the eggs with a pinch of salt and black pepper. Pour the eggs into the meat/cheese and blend all along with a spatula.
Subsequent, add sufficient grated cheese to soak up and thicken the surplus liquid from the eggs. It’s possible you’ll want kind of than the quantity listed above, so be at liberty to regulate. The ultimate combination needs to be fairly thick and never too liquid.
Minimize 1/3 of the completed dough off and put aside for later. Mud a piece floor with semolina flour and roll the rest out into an enormous circle with a rolling pin. If the dough sticks, mud it with flour as mandatory. The dough sheet needs to be giant sufficient to drape right into a 9-inch springform pan with loads of overhang. Accomplish that, and gently press the dough into the pan to fill all of the corners and canopy the perimeters. With a fork, poke loads of holes into the underside.
Fill the pie with the meat, cheese and egg combination. See some egg residue left within the bowl? Don’t throw it away! And don’t fear if the filling doesn’t fully fill the pan as much as the rim. Use a spatula to evenly distribute the combo in order that the highest is flat.
Roll the 1/3 portion of the dough you put aside till it’s giant sufficient to cowl the highest. Drape it over the pie, and trim the sides in order that they line up with the rim of the pan. Likewise, trim the sides of the underside crust in order that they simply barely overhang. Roll the underside crust edges inward to seal the highest shut. In the event you like, you’ll be able to press a fork into the crust across the rim to additional shut the pie.
Poke a number of holes along with your fork into the highest of the pie. Now, keep in mind the egg left over in your bowl? Use your hand to evenly unfold that over the whole floor of the pie. This can assist create a wonderful, golden crust.
Bake the pie for 50-60 minutes on the underside rack of the oven, or till the crust is golden brown. Let the pie cool fully earlier than eradicating the springform mildew.
Pizza chiena is finest served chilly the next day. Historically it was saved for a number of days at room temperature, however be at liberty to refrigerate if that makes you extra snug.